Do you like solving technical problems? Are you good at science and math? You might consider becoming an engineer. Engineers are problem solvers who use their expertise in science and math to do their job. They work in various branches of engineering including:
Electrical and Electronics
Mining and Geological
Employment Facts for Engineers:
Engineers held 1.6 million jobs in 2008. The highest number of these jobs were in civil engineering (278,400), mechanical engineering (238,700), industrial engineering (214,800), electrical engineering (157,800) and electronic engineering, not including computer engineering (143,700).
Educational Requirements for Engineers:
To get an entry-level engineering job, one usually needs a bachelor's degree in engineering. Sometimes a bachelor's degree in physical science or mathematics may suffice, especially in high-demand specialties. Generally engineering students specialize in a particular branch of engineering but may eventually work in a related branch.
Why Do You Need to Know About Educational Requirements?
Other Requirements for Engineers:
Engineers who offer their services directly to the public must be licensed. These licensed engineers are called Professional Engineers (PE). To become licensed one must have a degree from a program that is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), four years of relevant work experience, and successful completion of a state examination. Requirements vary by state.
How Do Engineers Advance?:
As entry level engineers gain experience and knowledge, they may work more independently, making decisions, developing designs, and solving problems. With further experience, engineers may become technical specialists or supervisors over a staff or team of engineers or technicians. Eventually, they may become engineering managers, or may move into other managerial or sales jobs.
Why Do You Need to Know About Advancement?
Job Outlook for Engineers:
In general, engineering employment is expected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations through 2018, although outlook will vary by branch.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that biomedical, environmental and civil engineering will experience much faster than average growth, while employment in petroleum engineering, industrial engineering and geological and mining engineering will grow at a faster than average rate.
Other branches will grow either as fast as the average or slower than the average for all occupations, or will see a decline in employment.
Why Do You Need to Know About Job Outlook?
How Much Do Engineers Earn?:
Recently graduated engineers have higher average starting salaries than their counterparts with other degrees. These salaries vary by branch of engineering and level of education.
Median annual earnings for several branches of engineering (U.S., 2009):
Computer Hardware: $98,820
Use the Salary Wizard at Salary.com to find out how much engineers currently earn in your city.
What Do Engineers Do?:
Engineers who work in design and development:
design, plan, and supervise the construction of buildings, highways, and transit systems;
develop and implement improved ways to extract, process, and use raw materials;
develop new materials that both improve the performance of products and take advantage of advances in technology;
analyze the impact of the products they develop or the systems they design on the environment and on people using them;
Engineers who work in testing, production, or maintenance:
supervise production in factories;
determine the causes of breakdowns;
test manufactured products to maintain quality;
estimate the time and cost to complete projects;
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